a. X-rays are produced extranuclearly whereas gamma rays are produced in nuclear decays.
b. X-rays have higher energies than gamma rays.
c. gamma rays are produced by bremsstrahlung.
d. X-rays and gamma rays interact with matter differently.
a. Compton scattering and photoelectric effect.
b. Photoelectric effect and pair production.
c. Compton scattering and pair production.
d. Compton and Rayleigh scattering.
b. Neutrons and alpha particles.
d. Gamma rays.
a. Indirect action can be modified by protectors or sensitizers.
b. Direct action can be modified by protectors or sensitizers.
a. Any charged particle.
b. An atom or molecule with an unpaired electron in the outer shell.
c. An atom with an even number of electrons.
d. A chemically stable atom.
a. Magnetic scattering.
b. Coulomb scattering by orbital electrons.
d. Elastic and inelastic scattering by nuclei.
a. The energy of the radiation.
b. The fact that the charged particles produced by neutrons are, for the most part, positively charged.
c. The density of ionization.
d. The fact that neutrons can interact with nuclei.